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采礦設備自動化升級在即,機器人成行業應用主力

  有0人瀏覽   日期:2019-06-29

文章摘要: 隨著我國經濟及自動化水平的快速發展,采礦設備的自動化開始成為產業發展的重要內容,以機器人為主的設備升級受到越來越國家的關注,采礦機器人正成為增強企業競爭力,推動采礦產業升級發展的重要力量。......

隨著我國經濟及自動化水平的快速發展,采礦設備的自動化開始成為產業發展的重要內容,以機器人為主的設備升級受到越來越國家的關注,采礦機器人正成為增強企業競爭力,推動采礦產業升級發展的重要力量。
With the rapid development of China's economy and automation level, the automation of mining equipment has become an important part of industrial development. More and more countries pay attention to the upgrade of equipment based on robots. Mining robots are becoming an important force to enhance the competitiveness of enterprises and promote the upgrade and development of mining industry.
近年來,隨著可開采領域的不斷拓展,開采難度的日益加大,以及安全保障意識的進一步增強,全球采礦產業的發展正在迎來重大改變。自動化采礦需求的持續釋放,推動著各國對于采礦設備的研究與創新,以機器人為代表的智能科技的應用,不僅提升了礦山開采的效率與質量,有效增強了傳統采礦企業的核心競爭力,更推動了采礦產業的轉型與升級,為我國經濟發展做出重大貢獻。
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In recent years, with the continuous expansion of the mining field, the increasing difficulty of mining, and the further enhancement of safety awareness, the development of global mining industry is facing major changes. The continuous release of the demand for automated mining promotes the research and innovation of mining equipment in various countries. The application of intelligent technology represented by robots not only improves the efficiency and quality of mining, effectively enhances the core competitiveness of traditional mining enterprises, but also promotes the transformation and upgrading of mining industry and makes a significant contribution to China's economic development.
隨著計算機與人工智能技術的發展,以及自動化技術在眾多領域的日漸普及,采礦設備的自動化發展開始提上日程。2016年11月,國土資源部通過發布《全國礦產資源規劃(2016-2020年)》,明確提出未來5年要大力推進礦業領域科技創新,積極推動采礦設備的科技融合與應用,讓采礦業走上推智慧化建設的新征程。
With the development of computer and artificial intelligence technology and the popularization of automation technology in many fields, the automation development of mining equipment has been put on the agenda. In November 2016, the Ministry of Land and Resources promulgated the National Mineral Resources Planning (2016-2020). It clearly pointed out that the next five years should vigorously promote scientific and technological innovation in the mining field, actively promote the integration and application of mining equipment, and let mining industry embark on a new journey of intelligent construction.
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因此可以看出,自動化已經成為采礦設備的一個重要發展方向,在采礦設備的自動化趨勢之下,未來不僅采礦企業的生產和管理方式將迎來有效升級,我國礦產產業和國民經濟也將獲得顯著提升。
Therefore, it can be seen that automation has become an important development direction of mining equipment. Under the trend of automation of mining equipment, not only the production and management mode of mining enterprises will be effectively upgraded in the future, but also the mineral industry and national economy will be significantly improved.
目前,在機電一體化技術、微電子技術等的助力之下,我國采礦設備的自動化應用已經有很多,比如提升機電控系統、瓦斯檢測系統、車載系統、GPS定位系統、礦山調度系統、鏟運機技術等等,它們都給傳統采礦的作業和管理帶來了智能化、自動化、數字化的升級。
At present, with the help of electromechanical integration technology and microelectronics technology, there are many automatic applications of mining equipment in China, such as elevator electric control system, gas detection system, vehicle-mounted system, GPS positioning system, mine dispatching system, scraper technology and so on. They all bring intelligent, automatic and digital upgrade to traditional mining operation and management. 。
但在眾多的系統與裝備中,機器人無疑是最重要的自動化應用之一。采礦機器人作為采礦業中最為尖端的一類科技產品,不僅與技術的融合十分成熟,其應用環節也最為廣闊。據了解,當前的采礦機器人包括了采掘、鑿巖、井下噴漿、瓦斯和低壓檢測、水下開采等多種類型,每個類型對應單獨的一項開采環節,最終形成了對所有環節的全覆蓋。But in many systems and equipment, robot is undoubtedly one of the most important automation applications. Mining robots, as one of the most sophisticated scientific and technological products in mining industry, are not only very mature in their integration with technology, but also have the broadest application links. It is understood that the current mining robots include mining, rock drilling, underground grouting, gas and low pressure detection, underwater mining and other types, each type corresponds to a separate mining link, and ultimately forms a full coverage of all links.
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為行業發展帶來重要意義
Bring important Significance to Industry Development
那么,機器人作為采礦行業發展的主力軍,究竟能為行業發展帶來哪些積極的影響呢?如果以其在當前應用最為成熟的煤炭開采行業來看,采礦機器人所帶來的自動化推動主要表現在以下三個方面。
So, as the main force of mining industry development, what positive impact can robots bring to the development of the industry? If its application in the current most mature coal mining industry, mining robots brought about by the automation of the main performance in the following three areas.
首先是提高了煤炭的開采效率和質量。相比于傳統人工加半自動機械的煤炭開采方式,有了信息技術和智能技術加持的機器人,能夠通過信息的檢測、數據的采集和處理,制定出最為優化的開采、生產和控制策略,大大提升煤炭開采效率和生產質量。
The first is to improve the efficiency and quality of coal mining. Compared with the traditional manual and semi-automatic coal mining method, with the help of information technology and intelligent technology, robots can work out the most optimized mining, production and control strategies through the detection of information, data collection and processing, and greatly improve the efficiency and quality of coal mining.
其次是提高了生產可靠性和安全性。煤炭行業具有以下特點,作業環境復雜、生產連續性較強,作業危險性十足,因此不管是對于人工技能素質還是機械的作業能力來說,都具有較高的要求。而機器人憑借高度集成的軟硬件系統,以及自動化的智能技術應用,有效的提升了作業的穩定性與安全性,對于行業發展具有顯著意義。
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Secondly, it improves the reliability and safety of production. Coal industry has the following characteristics: complex working environment, strong continuity of production and full danger of operation. Therefore, it has higher requirements for both the quality of manual skills and the operation ability of machinery. With the highly integrated hardware and software systems and the application of automated intelligent technology, the robot has effectively improved the stability and security of the operation, which has significant significance for the development of the industry.
最后是節約了行業能源和人力資源。一方面,機器人通過“機器換人”有效的減少了人工的使用,在保證工人安全、減少作業風險的同時,也節約了相應的人工成本;另一方面,機器人通過采用高效電動機、高效風機等節能型機電裝置,也可以起到節能減排的目的,進而創造更高的經濟效益。
Finally, it saves energy and human resources in the industry. On the one hand, the robot effectively reduces the use of manual labor through "machine replacement", which not only ensures the safety of workers and reduces the risk of operation, but also saves the corresponding labor costs. On the other hand, the robot can also achieve the purpose of energy saving and emission reduction by using energy-saving electromechanical devices such as high-efficiency motors and high-efficiency fans, thus creating higher economic benefits.
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