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電子垃圾回收難 家電企業應擔更多責任

  有0人瀏覽   日期:2019-07-03

文章摘要: 電子垃圾回收難 家電企業應擔更多責任......

7月1日,《上海市生活垃圾管理條例》正式實施,生活垃圾的分類儼然成為全國人民討論的焦點。然而,還有一類垃圾同樣值得我們關注——它們被稱為“電子垃圾”,廢棄的電子產品已經成為世界上增速最快的垃圾。
On July 1, Shanghai Municipal Domestic Waste Management Regulations were formally implemented, and the classification of domestic waste has become the focus of discussion of the whole nation. However, another kind of garbage is also worth our attention - they are called "electronic garbage", and the waste electronic products have become the fastest growing garbage in the world.
《2017年全球電子廢棄物檢測報告》顯示,2016年全年,全世界各國合并產生的電子垃圾達到了4470萬立方噸,相當于4500個埃菲爾鐵塔。預計2021年,電子廢棄物數量將增加至5220萬立方噸。而在我國,對于電子垃圾的回收處理尚未形成可靠性規模,環境保護面臨巨大壓力。就我們所處的電視行業而言,在我國6.5億臺存量彩電中,有3億臺處于‘超期服役’狀態,未來幾年這些彩電產品都將進入集中報廢期,如何處理這些電子產品,做到“變廢為寶”,是一個值得研究的課題。
中國分類信息網
The Global Electronic Waste Detection Report 2017 shows that in 2016, 44.7 million cubic tons of e-waste, equivalent to 4,500 Eiffel Towers, were generated by the merger of countries around the world. In 2021, the amount of electronic waste is expected to increase to 52.2 million cubic tons. In China, the recycling of electronic waste has not yet formed a reliable scale, and environmental protection is facing tremendous pressure. As far as our TV industry is concerned, 300 million of the 650 million color TV sets in stock in our country are in the state of "overdue service". In the next few years, these color TV products will enter the period of centralized abandonment. How to deal with these electronic products and achieve "turning waste into treasure" is a subject worthy of study.
目前,一些大型國際性企業如蘋果、華為等,已經建立相對完善的產品回收制度,并在官網界面提供線上估價、遠程回收、以舊換新等服務。而在彩電行業,各大主流品牌電視官網上,幾乎沒有任何品牌提供官方渠道的產品回收服務或者第三方回收服務的引導。作為每個家庭必備的大家電產品,廢棄后的電視似乎成為電子垃圾中的“另類”。
At present, some large international enterprises, such as Apple and Huawei, have established relatively perfect product recycling system, and provide online valuation, remote recycling, old for new services in the official website interface. In the color TV industry, there are hardly any brands providing official channel product recycling services or third-party recycling services guidance on major mainstream brand TV official websites. As a necessary household electrical appliances product for every household, abandoned TV seems to be an "alternative" in electronic waste.
中國分類信息網
據ZNDS智能電視網了解,這些沒有進入到正規回收渠道的電子產品,大多數情況下會通過回收商販流入到民營小作坊等類似場所。有數據表明,80%以上的電子垃圾都進入了這些非正規渠道,他們處理廢棄電子產品的過程還是簡單的焚燒、填埋或是強酸浸泡,不僅不能最大化電子垃圾的經濟價值,還會造成嚴重的環境污染。
According to ZNDS Intelligent Television Network, these electronic products, which have not entered the formal recycling channels, will flow into private small workshops and other similar places through recycling vendors in most cases. Data show that more than 80% of e-waste has entered these informal channels. Their process of disposing of waste electronic products is simple incineration, landfill or strong acid soaking, which can not maximize the economic value of e-waste, but also cause serious environmental pollution.
來自《2017年全球電子廢棄物檢測報告》中的另一組數據顯示,在2016年,電子廢棄物中所含原材料的潛在價值為550億歐元,高于世界多數國家2016年的國內生產總值,但真正通過回收處理產生的價值寥寥無幾,原材料價值浪費巨大。
Another set of data from the Global Electronic Waste Detection Report 2017 shows that in 2016, the potential value of raw materials contained in electronic waste is 55 billion euros, which is higher than the gross domestic product of most countries in the world in 2016, but the real value generated by recycling is very few, and the value of raw materials is wasted enormously. Big.
在日本等發達國家,關于電子垃圾的回收處理已經有非常成熟的政策和法律,家電生產企業必須承擔回收和利用廢棄家電的義務,消費者也有承擔家電處理、再利用的部分義務。在即將到來的2020年東京奧運會上,運動員的獎牌就是由電子垃圾中提煉的金屬制作而成。
中國分類信息網
In Japan and other developed countries, there are mature policies and laws on the recycling and disposal of e-waste. Home appliances manufacturers must undertake the obligation of recycling and utilizing waste household appliances. Consumers also have some obligations on the disposal and reuse of household appliances. At the upcoming Tokyo Olympic Games in 2020, athletes'medals are made of metals extracted from electronic waste.
由于電子垃圾的回收處理是一項比較復雜的工作,所以包括中國在內的很多發展中國家,電子垃圾回收的政策、渠道、人員等都還不夠完善,完整、和諧的電子垃圾回收處理體系的建立迫在眉睫。
As the recovery and disposal of e-waste is a relatively complex task, many developing countries, including China, are not perfect in the policies, channels and personnel of e-waste recycling. The establishment of a complete and harmonious e-waste recycling and disposal system is imminent.
令人欣喜的是,國內電子垃圾回收處理的相關政策正在逐步落實,已經有不少專業回收機構、電商企業開始關注,特別是針對彩電這樣的大家電產品。當然我們更希望看到家電企業能夠擔負起回收利用家電的義務,讓消費者對廢舊家電這類電子垃圾的處理有方可參,有法可行。
It is gratifying to note that the relevant policies of domestic e-waste recycling and disposal are being implemented step by step, and many professional recycling agencies and e-commerce enterprises have begun to pay attention to it, especially for large appliances such as color TV sets. Of course, we would like to see that household appliances enterprises can shoulder the responsibility of recycling and utilizing household appliances, so that consumers can deal with such electronic waste as waste household appliances with reference and feasibility.
感謝您的閱讀與觀看,本文的精彩內容來自:中國分類信息網,我們會有更多的精彩內容繼續為您呈現,詳情請點擊:http://www.pabjlj.live
Thank you for your reading and watching. The wonderful content of this article comes from: China Classified Information Network. We will continue to show you more wonderful content. For more details, please click: http://www.pabjlj.live.
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